Sunday, March 16, 2008

Points to Remember

A person referred to as the parent of his or her child indicates the practice of Teknonymy.
Rivers has given the explanation of kinship terms referring to social usages which are antecedent to their use.
The residence rule which gives choice to the newly -weds to live with the parents of either the groom or the bride is known as biolocal.
When both patrilineal and matrilineal rules apply jointly it is called double descent.
Rivers has defined the clan as an exogamous division of tribe.
Social recognition is important in determining consanguineous kinship.
In double descent system one inherits fathers' patrilineal relatives and mother's matrilineal relatives.
Maclver said that kinship creates society and society creates the state.
Weiser stressed that clan is usually associated with totemism.
Levi Strauss has regarded preferential mating as a device for strengthening group solidarity.
Westermarck has written the history of human marriage.
Westermarck has listed various causes of polygyny including variety of women.
Murdock has distinguished between the family of orientation and the family of procreation.
Morgan suggested historical evolution of the form of marriage and family.
Tribes such as Mundas and Nagas do not permit marriage between persons from the same village.
According to Westermarck marriage is itself rooted in the family rather than family in marriage.
According to D.N Majumdar the Hindu society presently recognizes only two forms of marriage the Brahma and Asura.
A Tarawad splits into smaller units called Tavazhis.
When one becomes the member of the consanguineal relatives of both father and mother, it is known as bilateral descent.
The rule of residence generally followed in India is patrilocal.
When not mutual, a joking relationship assumes the form of social control.
Where father's sister is given more respect than the mother the relationship is called amitate.
Neolocal rule of residence is generally followed in western countries.
People bond together in groups based on reproduction refers to kinship.
Experimental marriage is known as privileged relationship.
Marriage of one man with a woman and her several sisters are called sororal polygamy.
The marriage of a Hindu is illegal if his or her spouse is alive.This restriction is according to Hindu Marriage Act.
Marriage of a man of high caste with a woman of lower caste is called Anuloma marriage.
Levi Strauss believed that no society was perfectly unilineal.
Radcliff Brown introduced the term lineage group to designate the living members of a group.
Morgan believed the earliest form of kin group to be the clan.
Rivers has listed belief in common descent and possession of a common totem as characterizing a clan.
Murdock has called the clan a compromise kin group.
Radcliffe Brown defines sib as a consanguineous group not sharing a common residence.
Horton and Hunt described the marriage as the approved social pattern whereby two or more persons establish a family.
A nomenclature of the family function is symbolic of system to reckoning descent.

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